3 May 2024

The LISTAGG analytic function, introduced in Oracle 11g Release 2, greatly simplifies string aggregations within SQL queries.

SELECT pid, LISTAGG(ColumnName, ' ' ) WITHIN GROUP (ORDER BY seq) AS ColumnName

However, if the output of the above query exceeds 4000 characters, it triggers an error, specifically ORA-01489, indicating that the result of string concatenation is too long.

To address this limitation, Oracle Database Release 2 (12.2) enhanced LISTAGG with the ability to handle overflow errors gracefully, as demonstrated below:


In this updated syntax, the output is restricted to 4000 characters, preventing the ORA-01489 error from being raised.

The ON OVERFLOW clause offers several options to manage overflow situations:

  • ON OVERFLOW ERROR: This is the default behavior, triggering an error if the result overflows.
  • ON OVERFLOW TRUNCATE 'StringYouLike': Appends ‘StringYouLike(Count)’ at the end of the truncated string.
  • ON OVERFLOW TRUNCATE '': Displays the first 4000 characters without any additional terminating string.
  • ON OVERFLOW TRUNCATE WITH COUNT: Appends the total character count at the end, for example, ‘…(5512)’.

Stack Overflow.

3 Mar 2024

Session and token authentication methods are used by the server to verify the client request is authenticated or not.

Session Authentication

Session-based authentication is an example of stateful authentication, which involves storing user authentication data on the server. With this method, when a user logs into a website, the server creates a small file that stores user information such as a unique session ID, login time, expiration time, and other relevant data. This file is stored in the database or in-memory cache. This session ID is then sent back to the client and stored in the client’s browser as a cookie. For subsequent requests, this cookie is passed back to the server. This allows the server to verify the session ID and provide a response based on the current state.

This method is easy to use, as cookies are natively supported by browsers, so no additional JavaScript is needed. But when the application grows decoupling the frontend from the backend becomes essential. Session-based authentication can be limiting in this regard.

Token Authentication

Instead of relying on server-side sessions, token-based authentication uses tokens and it is an example of stateless authentication. When user log in, the server create a token (usually a JSON Web Token, or JWT) using a secret key and sent to the user. For subsequent requests, user will send this token along with request and server will verify if the token is valid or not.

This method gives more scalability and stateless for the apps, but the server does not authenticate the user, so linking a token to its user can be more difficult. Also in any chance an attacker got acess to the token, they will get access to the server.


LogRocket, Authfear, criipto.

22 Feb 2024

  • Run the command npm create vite in the command prompt.
  • Afer the script you will be prompted to enter a project name.
  • After entering the project name, Vite will prompt you to select a framework. Select the framework as React.
  • After selecting framework, Vite will prompt you to select language type.
  • After selecting the language type, Vite will show the message as Scaffolding the project in the location.
  • After that you can go to the folder and instruct to install the dependencies with the command npm install.
  • After that you can run the project with command npm run dev.


21 Feb 2024

I noticed every design is incorpating rounded edges in their rectangle shapes (yes, my website cards also). Today I Googled it and after reading some articles, I stumbled upon Skeuomorphism.

So, here I am noting down what is Skeuomorphism?

Skeuomorphism is a term most often used in graphical user interface design to describe interface objects that mimic their real-world counterparts in how they appear and/or how the user can interact with them. A well-known example is the recycle bin icon used for discarding files. Skeuomorphism makes interface objects familiar to users by using concepts they recognize.

In UI design, skeuomorphism had its boom with the advent of the first iPhone. Steve Jobs believed that UI elements should resemble real-life objects to increase ease of use. For example, the Notes app looked like a notepad. However, as users became more familiar with the iOS interface, Apple transitioned to flat design with fewer shadows and textures. Flat design stripped back skeuomorphic elements to essentials for faster loading and decluttered touchpoints.


Interaction Design

13 Feb 2024

Open the command prompt and type the below to connect the MySQL:

mysql -u username -p

After the above command the command line will prompt you to enter the password and after entering the password you can query the database.


Stack Overflow, MySQL Doc

10 Feb 2024

When you are create an object in Oracle Database, default object type will be marked editionable. From 12c onwards, you can mark the objects as noneditionable , and same you cannot edit with create or replace . For altering the same you have to alter the object and change to editionable.

This is applicable to View, Funcitons, Procedure, Trigger, Library, Type.

create or replace noneditionable procedure test_proc ( p int ) as
select editionable from user_objects
where  object_name = 'test_proc ';

create or replace procedure test_proc ( p int ) as
  dbms_output.put_line ( 'Editionable version' );

ORA-38824: A CREATE OR REPLACE command may not change the EDITIONABLE property of an existing object.

With below you can alter the procedure.

alter procedure test_proc editionable;
create or replace procedure test_proc ( p int ) as
dbms_output.put_line ( 'Editionable version' );

exec test_proc (1);

Editionable version

Oracle Doc

24 Jan 2024

If you want to export your Kindle book highlights without the page location and color information, you can follow these steps:

  • Export the content in any format you prefer.
  • Paste the content in Visual Studio Code or any other text editor that supports regular expressions.
  • Use the regular expression Highlight \(yellow\) - Location [0-9]+ in the Find and Replace tool to replace Highlight (yellow) - Location 01.
  • Replace all the matches with an empty string.

This will remove the unwanted details from your highlights and leave only the text you want to keep.

15 Jan 2024

The name attribute specifies the name of an <input> element. It is used to reference elements in a JavaScript, or to reference form data after a form is submitted to the server.

Only form elements with a name attribute will have their values passed when submitting a form.

<form action="http://localhost" method="POST">
    <label for="User">User name</label>
    <input type="text" id="User" name="Name" value="bino" />
    <input type="submit" value="submit" />

When you submit the above, server localhost will recive a content like below:



5 Jan 2024

To read and write without authenticaton in firebase, you need to updated the rules in the database as below.

  "rules": {
    ".read": true,
    ".write": true

Please note that this allow anyone to fetch and write the data to the database.

4 Oct 2023

The refresh rate of a display is the number of times per second that the image refreshes on the screen. For example, a 60Hz display will update the screen 60 times per second.


Windows Doc